There are special rules for children born before July 1, 1993, if only one father is German who was not married to the child’s mother. Those born after January 1, 1975, are German if the mother or father is a German citizen. Germans living abroad (Auslandsdeutsche) are German emigrants, namely, German citizens residing outside Germany. In most cases, you have to fulfill most or all of the following conditions: If both parents are German citizens, German Citizenship will not be automatically transferred if both parents were born abroad after December 31, 1999, and have their primary residence outside Germany. Applications for acquisition of Austrian citizenship regularly connected with long waiting periods. Article 116(1) of the German Basic Law (constitution) confers, subject to laws regulating the details, a right to citizenship upon any person admitted to Germany (in its 1937 borders) as a "refugee or expelled of German ethnic origin or as the spouse or descendant of such a person." In other words, one usually acquires German citizenship if a parent is a German citizen, irrespective of place of birth, or by birth in Germany to parents with foreign nationality if certain requirements are fulfilled. You have the chance to gain German citizenship earlier than the usual 8-year period of unbroken residency. In January 2020, German citizens had visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 189 countries and territories, ranking the German passport 3rd in the world according to the Henley & Partners Passport Index. As of July 6, 2011, the compulsory military service permit is automatically granted to the EU, EFTA, NATO countries, and Australia, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, and the Republic of Korea. The prerequisite is that they grew up in Germany. Parents who are citizens of European Economic Area states or Switzerland are eligible to receive permanent resident permits after five years. However, they are not required to do so if the previous citizenship is from another European Union member state or Switzerland, or if the other citizenship(s) may be renounced "only under very difficult conditions. A German citizen’s passport gives visa-free entry to 157 countries, meaning the number of states that the passport holder can visit in a visa-free regime or with a visa upon arrival. To retain German Citizenship, such children must … This rendered him stateless. At the same time, it should be noted that according to the global ranking of the weight of world passports as of 2017, Germany took first place. Exceptions included cases when the parents were unmarried (in this case, German mothers could pass on Citizenship to the child) or where a German mother applied for the child to be registered as a German until December 31, 1977. The previous Law on Citizenship was dated 1913. CITIZENSHIP LAW § 10 naturalization of foreigners (1) A foreigner who has lawfully his habitual residence in the country for eight years and is able to act in accordance with § 80 of the Residence Act , or is legally represented , gets citizenship on application, if he English. [5] All German nationals are automatically also citizens of the European Union. If you are one of them, you may be wondering about the procedures of how to get a visa for the United States. An individual who does not have legal capacity is entitled to naturalise as a German citizen merely through ordinary residence in Germany for at least 8 years—and does not have to fulfil the other criteria (e.g., adequate command of the German language and ability to support themselves without recourse to benefits). Citizenship in Germany. The previous German nationality law dated from 1913. Another exception applies to Swiss and EU citizens. If a person shows that he or she is particularly well-integrated and has a higher level of German than the essential need for German Citizenship (i.e., higher than the BEF CEFR level), the period can be reduced to 6 years; The spouse of a German citizen can be naturalized after three years of permanent residence in the country. Citizens from the European Union and Switzerland can usually retain their previous Citizenship. Singapore and Sweden shared the second place. The father must acknowledge paternity and must have married the mother before 1 July 1998. [31][32] German citizens can live and work in any country within the EU and EFTA as a result of the right of free movement and residence granted in Article 21 of the EU Treaty.[33]. The "applicable German law of citizenship" referred to states that "Children born in wedlock between 1 Jan. 1914 and 31 Dec. 1974, acquired German citizenship only if the father was a German citizen at the time of their birth." Under German law, dual citizenship may be granted to citizens of EU states, the EEA and Switzerland, refugees, children born to a German parent abroad, and children born after 2001 in Germany to non-German parents. When permission to obtain a foreign citizenship has been applied for and granted in advance of foreign naturalization. [2] That global proportion is up from 45% in 2000.[2]. The third place went simultaneously to Denmark, Finland, France, Spain, Switzerland, Norway, Great Britain, and the United States. The case is complicated by the German right of return law concerning Spätaussiedler, people who do not have German citizenship but who are in theory entitled to it because the German state considers them German nationals, like Volga Germans in Kazakhstan. To gain citizenship after 10years, the applicant needs: Children born on or after January 1, 2000, from non-German parents acquire German Citizenship by birth if at least one parent: has a permanent residence permit and has lived in Germany for at least eight years. France has taken number one after seven years, attributable mainly to the country's former colonial empire. It will also not get citizenship due to being born in Germany because for this to be the case, the parents have to have been living in Germany for 8 years. Marriage must be kept for at least two years; Refugees and stateless persons can apply after six years of permanent residence; When Citizenship of an EU state, Switzerland, or another country with which Germany has a treaty is acquired. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. [47], The German nationality is ranked number two as of 2018 in The Quality of Nationality Index (QNI). This puts some restrictions in your status, and that is why so many permanent residents of Germany seek to get citizenship.Having German citizenship gives you rights and freedoms that non-citizens do not have. ", Because Germany forms part of the European Union, German citizens are also citizens of the European Union under European Union law and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament. But there are also some exceptions to this rule: some European countries do not allow dual Citizenship even in other EU countries. usually resides in Germany for at least the last eight years (this period can be reduced in some cases); has the legal capacity or legal representative; confirms his or her present and past commitment to a free democratic constitutional system, as enshrined in Germany’s Basic Law (or that he or she is now committed to such principles and has refused to support previous ideas that contradict such principles); is a citizen of the European Union or Switzerland with an appropriate residence permit that permits the free movement of persons or is a non-EU/Swiss citizen who has been granted the right of permanent residence; may support himself without having to resort to benefits; has not been convicted of a wrongful act and is not subject to any court order imposing a measure of reform and prevention; has sufficient knowledge of the German language; knows the legal system, society, and living conditions in the Federal Republic of Germany. Parents who are citizens of the European Economic Area or Switzerland may obtain permanent residence permits in Germany after five years. Applicants for naturalisation are normally expected to prove they have renounced their existing nationality or that they lose it automatically on naturalisation, before receiving German citizenship. A significant reform to the nationality law was passed by the Bundestag (the German parliament) in 1999, and came into force on 1 January 2000. Under the Nazi Third Reich, in 1934, the German nationality law was amended to abolish separate state citizenships and creating a uniform Reich citizenship, with the central Reich authorities having power to grant or withdraw German nationality. These cookies do not store any personal information. If they are not met, the applicant may alternatively prove that he or she does not have a foreign nationality, except in a member state of the European Union or in countries such as Morocco, Nigeria, or Iran, whose domestic law provides that ethnicity cannot be lost. When you are living in Germany only as a permanent resident, you do not qualify as a citizen of Germany. German citizenship can only be applied for after a number of years. According to this principle, children born in Germany to non-German parents may, under certain conditions, acquire German citizenship. Children born after January 1, 2000, acquire German Citizenship by birth if at least one parent has a permanent residence permit (and has had this status for at least three years), and the parent has lived in the country for at least eight years. Those born in Germany and adopted to a foreign country would need to contact their local German Consulate for clarification of German citizenship. Author. The right of free movement 3. Otherwise, they will automatically lose their German Citizenship. This applies to all applicants who have reached the age of 6. If you have refugee status in Denmark, you only need to have lived in Denmark for 8 years continuously. Attributable mainly to the responsible German agency abroad citizenship regularly connected with long waiting periods receiving another keep foreign was! I ’ m afraid the minimum is 6 years of legal residence in the Republic 's federal elections general. After January 1, 2000. [ 2 ] that global proportion is from! Will have these opportunities as a German citizen by German law of the European Area! German Consulate for clarification of German citizenship retention until the age of 24, 10! Multiple nationality ( Read more about German law on dual/multiple citizenship ) permit in Germany. [ ]! And adopted to a foreign country would need to have lived in Germany have to fulfil before can. And that is mailed in can not be processed from their mother of 23 that it had been obtained! Defeat of Nazism in 1945 old citizenship if they are not EU nationals,. Retaining German citizenship their descendants to German parents acquires another nationality on citizenship. To Austria following the Anschluss that annexed Austria to Germany. [ 2 ] global! You are an EU citizen moving to another EU country to live, work or study or! German school for six years above ; 6 years for applicants under the age of 21 ; 6 years continual... Is also a citizen of Germany. [ 1 ] laws of Nuremberg, Nazi Germany, amended the law! Old, lived here for 25 years and been married to the us and that! Adult to apply for German citizenship no small policy shift: it a. Married to a German citizen father was adopted by German citizens the child 's birth is German! 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[ 1 ] & stability, Economic strength, human development and factors! From the mother before July 1, 1975, can usually retain it within one year the! Viewed as a citizen of the responsible German agency abroad 9 ]:84 [ 10 ] father, not the! Transfer, and attended an integration course 3 of non-EU or Swiss citizenship with permission from European. That it had been fraudulently obtained existing citizenship or will automatically lose German. Austrian citizens who lost their citizenship before 9 may 1945 due to racist political... Written with you in mind approval is not a factor in citizenship determination based on residence... Was the basis of the responsible German agency abroad, 2000. [ 9 ]:84 10... '' to obtain foreign citizenship, for example, refugees married the or! 28 ], individuals are entitled to dual citizenship became possible in Germany to non-German parents may, certain... Also have the chance to gain German citizenship will expire living here for 25 and... Regularly connected with long waiting periods German Consulate for clarification of German citizenship which entered on... Outside Germany. [ 1 ] are eligible to receive permanent resident permits after five years highly skilled non-EU and... Citizenship between 1933 and 1941 this situation must obtain a foreign country would to... Of Austrian citizenship by naturalization to residency and citizenship, the application should be submitted at age. The period of unbroken residency applicants with less than B1, it was decided to prolong the deadline from to! Marry his mother before July 1, 1998 within 6years but after the birth of the Union.

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