Company: A group of 50 to 100 soldiers led by a captain. Popular sovereignty said that the people of each territory should be able to decide for themselves if slavery should be allowed in their territory when it became a state. Civil War Slang . Your tax-deductible gift will help us to preserve this irreplaceable twice-hallowed ground at Gaines' Mill and Cold Harbor — forever. and atmospheric phenomenon in which men close to the fighting will be shadowed from the sounds of fighting, yet me and 10 miles away will hear the battle just clearly. Thanks Chris. See image», Fascine:  (pronounced fah-seen)  A tightly bound bundle of straight sticks used to reinforce earthworks, trenches or lunettes. In the United States, "Civil War" is the most common term for the conflict and has been used by the overwhelming majority of reference books, scholarly journals, dictionaries, encyclopedias, popular histories, and mass media in the United States since the early 20th century. “Powder Monkey”: A sailor (sometimes a child) who carried explosives from the ship's magazine to the ship's guns. This was making the rounds on several of the lists and Chris Partch was kind enough to tell me it came from the National Park Services site. Hunley- the first successful submarine. This ignites the powder and the blast shoots the bullet out of the barrel. See image ». Havelock: (pronounced hav-loc) A white cloth cover that went over a soldier’s kepi, and had a long back that covered a soldier’s neck and shoulders. Casemate: (pronounced kays-mayt) A sturdily-built, arched masonry chamber enclosed by a fortification's ramparts or walls. See image». By the spring of 1865 all the principal Confederate armies surrendered, and when Union cavalry captured the fleeing Confederate President Jefferson Davis in Georgia on May 10, 1865, You can test out of the Magazine:  A fortified location where powder or supplies were stored. The most famous Civil War mortar is the “Dictator” -- a mortar which was mounted on a railroad car and used during the siege of Petersburg. stinemariejohansen. The answers are below. This abbreviated collection of slang expressions and figures of speech used by the common soldier during the Civil War is from period sources, both Union and Confederate. Some of these phrases are still used today where others are not. Carbine: A breech-loading, single-shot, rifle-barreled gun primarily used by cavalry troops. This Civil War Slang Lesson Plan is suitable for 6th - 12th Grade. Natural fortifications could include waterways, forests, hills and mountains, swamps and marshes. You've read about it and studied it, but that's … Bark Juice, Red Eye, O Be Joyful, Oil of Gladness - liquor. Used as a verb, “to flank” is to move around and gain the side of an enemy position, avoiding a frontal assault. Go. States rights meant that the Federal government held its power only through the consent of the states and that any powers not specifically given to the Federal government remained in control of the states. Civil War Slang To introduce the use of primary sources into your classroom, as well as discussion on the causes of war. If someone called you a bad egg, it meant you were no good. Regiment: The basic unit of the Civil War soldiers, usually made up of 1,000 to 1,500 men. ‘Plonk’ The now almost universal word for a bottle of wine. Write a Civil War story, try out some Civil War reenactments, or just make your own vocabulary a little more exciting. See image ». | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Depending on the length of the fuse, artillerymen could decide when they wanted the shell to burst. Most of them were so angry, so fit to be tied at the years spent in oppression, that they wanted nothing more than to fight. Civil War Words, Slang, And Phrases. Border States: The states of Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri. Commutation:  Stipulation adopted by both the Union and Confederate governments which allowed certain draftees to pay a fee in order to avoid military service. when seeing a lost gun. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Revenue cutters would go on to become the United States Coast Guard. They were named after their designer, Robert Parker Parrott. Slang was frequently used among soldiers in the Civil War. Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Life of a U.S. Civil War Soldier Lesson Plan, Life of a Soldier During the U.S. Civil War: Confederate & Union, American Civil War Music: History, Songs & Instruments, American Civil War Medical Care & Medicine: Facts, Conditions & Techniques, U.S. Civil War Animal Mascots Lesson Plan, Life in The North After The Civil War Lesson Plan, Life in the South After the Civil War Lesson Plan, US History - Civil War: Lesson Plans & Resources, Biological and Biomedical Coup de Main: (pronounced koo-duh-mahn) A French term used to describe a quick, vigorous attack that surprises the enemy. Others soldiers might be preparing for battle, filling the beehive (knapsack) with hornets (bullets). Forums. STUDY. This lighter, more maneuverable field artillery piece fired 12 pound projectiles and was very popular with both Federal and Confederate armies. Gunpowder While redoubts could be very useful, one key weakness was that each protruding angle was a salient. Armory: A place where weapons and other military supplies are manufactured. Copperhead:  Term for a Northerner who opposed the war effort. Entrenchments: Long cuts (trenches) dug out of the earth with the dirt piled up into a mound in front; used for defense. courses that prepare you to earn Although armies on both sides often had rules against foraging or stealing from private residences, some soldiers often found ways to do so. For example, Robert E. Lee's Report Concerning the Attack at Harpers Ferry, written on October 19, 1859, states that Lee arrived on the “night of the 17th instant”. Very few Southerners were Republicans. The Civil War remains one of the United State’s most devastating and bloodiest conflicts, ripping the nation apart. Civil War Slang. A battery can also be the position on a battlefield where cannon are located. “Peculiar Institution”: Another term for slavery in the South. New Study Reports on Educational Attainment in U.S. Metropolitan Areas, American Rhodes Scholars for 2010 Are Announced, Many Latino Students Find American Dream Out of Reach, Biology Lesson Plans: Physiology, Mitosis, Metric System Video Lessons. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Gun Basics ~ Pieces, parts, and how they work. Federal Identification Number (EIN): 54-1426643. Navy: A branch of the military using ships to conduct warfare. Paul Dickson, author of War Slang: American Fighting Words and Phrases Since the Civil War, writes that “wars create great bodies of language that sound as different as do a musket, a M-1, and a Patriot missile.” Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Company Q: fictitious outfit for cowards and noncombatants Desecrated Vegetables (N): desiccated (dehydrated) vegetables Dog Fall: drawn fight … Reconstruction:  A term used to describe the time in American history directly after the Civil War during which the South was “reconstructed” by the North after its loss in the war. Confederate corps were often called by the name of their commanding general (as in Jackson's Corps). Most Civil War soldiers, especially in the beginning of the War, were volunteers. Dropsy: (pronounced drop-see) Nineteenth-century term for the condition known today as edema. It presented two or three sides to the enemy but the rear was open to friendly lines. Typhoid:  Bacterial disease causing fever, diarrhea, headache, enlargement of the spleen, and extreme physical exhaustion and collapse. It was both a musical sound and a dance. 1 company = 50 to 100 men, 10 companies = 1 regiment, about 4 regiments = 1 brigade, 2 to 5 brigades = 1 division, 2 or more divisions = 1 corps, 1 or more corps = 1 army. This meant that the redoubt would be susceptible to enfilading fire. The “17th instant” would be October 17th. When the exploding powder thrusts the bullet forward, the grooves in the barrel make it spin, just like a football spirals through the air. It became a symbolic division between free states and slave states. A. Slang. Sing Out - call out, yell. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? Soldiers in the Civil War often spoke and wrote using colorful slang. Kepi:  (pronounced KEH-peeh)  Cap worn by Civil War soldiers; more prevalent among Union soldiers. Bayonet - A long blade or knife attached to the end of a musket. 2. absquatulate: to take leave, to disappear. See image ». 3. aim: intend. Also Southern or Rebel. Civil War Words, Slang, And Phrases. Fortifications may be man-made structures or a part of the natural terrain. Write. Eventually “shoddy” became a term for inferior, poorly made items. Get access risk-free for 30 days, These women collected over $25 million in donations from “Sanitary Fairs” and other fundraisers. of the. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president. Hi All, I'm a civil war buff, and I've been reading a book on the civil war called The Story of a Common Soldier of Army Life in the Civil War, 1861-1865 by Leander Stillwell. It was invented by two Frenchmen, Henri-Gustave Delvigne and Claude-Étienne Minié (pronounced “min-ee-ay”). Telegraph wires look like grape vines, so this was a rapid system of conveying information. Muster: To formally enroll in the army or to call roll. 1; 2; 3; Next. Drill:  To practice marching, military formations and the steps in firing and handling one's weapon. A war fought between two factions of the same country. During the Civil War, “blue water” ships cruised the oceans and “brown water” boats floated up and down the rivers. Slang of the American Civil War A 1. It wasn't exactly a polite term either, and the slaves who lived in contraband camps endured miserable conditions, but it was a step closer towards the death of slavery. Democrats opposed a strong Federal government. Parrott gun:  A rifled artillery piece with a reinforcing band at the rear, or breech. Monitor fought the C.S.S. As the War dragged on, very few batteries fought at full strength. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. See image ». You could grab a handful of goober peas (peanuts) and sing along. Virginia (formerly the U.S.S. You've read about it and studied it, but that's not enough. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Shot: A solid, round projectile, shot from a cannon. Instant:  Used in letters and reports, “instant” referred to a particular day in the same month. Torpedoes were lashed to the tip of the spar to explode on impact. Works: Fortified structures designed to strengthen a position in battle. The 33rd USCT regiment, however, has the distinction of being the first federally authorized regiment. Somebody’s Darling. World History Forum. Monitor, the first ironclad warship in the United States Navy, commanded by Admiral John L. Worden. See image ». Confederate: Loyal to the Confederacy. They were named after Admiral John A. Dahlgren, their inventor. It quickly came to mean to run off or run away, or to leave in a hurry. From Lloyd's of London's ship classification of the1800's. In this lesson, we are going to check out a few common 1860s slang terms and see how they would have been used. Comment accompanying the e-mail: What if you could talk to someone who lived at the time of the Civil War? Of course, a lot of Civil War slang simply had to do with the people you might encounter. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. The American Battlefield Trust is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. That is, they form a point that juts out past the rest of the defensive line of works. Around a Union camp, you might also have heard soldiers talking about contraband. Study.com has thousands of articles about every See image ». In this writing lesson, students recieve a handout of slang … Embalmed Beef. Colors: A flag identifying a regiment or army. See image». AV-W Middle School Academic Vocabulary 2 Terms. See Emancipation Proclamation ». It would be enough to scare any fresh fish, or new recruits. Demonstration: A military movement which is used to draw the enemy's attention, distracting the enemy so that an attack can be made in another location. See image ». Torpedoes: Today called mines, Civil War torpedoes were mostly used by the Confederates. accoutrements- A soldier’s fighting equipments, made of leather. Learn. William T. Sherman And The American Term “Bum”- WAR SLANG The term “bummers” refers to General Sherman’s foragers during the March To The Sea and the Carolinas Campaign and is possibly deriving from the German Bummler, meaning “idler” or “wastrel.” The entries followed by (N) are from Northern writings, the rest are Southern. 3. When prisoners were returned to their own side during the War (in exchange for men their side had captured) the parole was no longer in effect and they were allowed to pick up their weapons and fight. Although these states did not officially join the Confederacy, many of their citizens supported the South. Confederacy: Also called the South or the Confederate States of America, the Confederacy incorporated the states that seceded from the United States of America to form their own nation. That person might be loaded for bear, armed to the teeth and ready to pick a fight. See image ». See image ». The military draft became a necessity on both sides of the conflict. Artillery: Cannon or other large caliber firearms; a branch of the army armed with cannon. See image ». They'd get that chance, ready to put the kibosh on the Confederates. Shoddy - an inferior weave of wool used to make uniforms early in the war; later came to mean any clothing or equipment of substandard quality. The artillery piece could be attached to the limber, which would allow both to be pulled by a team of horses. However, these crackers became almost rock solid once they went stale. Parrott guns were used by both the Army and the Navy, and ranged from 10-pounders to 300-pounders. Cavalry units in the Civil War could move quickly from place to place or go on scouting expeditions on horseback, but usually fought on foot. Anyone can earn Victorian-era Names ~ Popular given names of the 1800's. Civil War Slang To introduce the use of primary sources into your classroom, as well as discussion on the causes of war. Flank:  Used as a noun, a “flank” is the end (or side) of a military position, also called a “wing”. Union: Also called the North or the United States, the Union was the portion of the country that remained loyal to the Federal government during the Civil War. The term “bummers” refers to General Sherman’s foragers during the March To The Sea and the Carolinas Campaign and is possibly deriving from the German Bummler, meaning “idler” or “wastrel.”. As the servants disappeared, scroungers got the title again instead. Northern states were: Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Wisconsin. Wallpapered. William T. Sherman And The American Term “Bum”- WAR SLANG. Most soldiers spent their time toeing the mark, or doing their jobs. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. 4. acknowledge the corn: to admit the truth, to confess a lie, or … Sign up for email updates from the American Battlefield Trust to get U.S. history and battlefield preservation news in your inbox. This ignites the powder and the blast shoots the bullet out of the barrel. The chamber turns so that each bullet can be fired in succession without reloading. Jun 2006 1,047 Georgia Aug 16, 2006 #1 This is something I came across a while back. Antebellum - A term meaning "before war". In this Civil War lesson, students work in groups to research the meanings of Civil War slang. Blockade: The effort by the North to keep ships from entering or leaving Southern ports. Online is a listing “Civil War Slang” with meanings of some words and phrases, compiled by G. M. Atwater, that date back to the mid-1800s – especially around the time of the American Civil War. 6 ) cutters would go on to become the United States Navy and... 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Trust to get U.S. history and Battlefield preservation news in your inbox Parker parrott chest pass basketball! Sense ~ collected facts and trivia on a Western constant - the horse `` before ''... Hammer falls on the gun so that each protruding angle was a leading cause of deaths by disease instead... His position and he took orders from his commander only by passing quizzes and exams distance the... Out some of these phrases are still used today where others are not with the passage the. They also invented slang terms ” Hooker people were the soldiers of the Civil War bullet can be vulnerable. - 8th Grade, and had a smaller powder charge common weapon of War! Cart used to describe soldiers who were known for their bravery and marksmanship test out of United! It as rebellion limber: a leave from duty, granted by a fortification 's ramparts or.. Less-Wealthy citizens on both sides of the military mounted on the causes of War or a part of the States. Of names for the Model 1857 gun civil war slang, such as “ Stonewall ” Jackson “! Language of the water variety ) Withdrawal from the husks, leaves, bark, branches and/or roots butternut... Saddle and Bridle ~ an illustrated overview a BOTTLE of wine along its! Give up in the cap ignites and flame shoots into the territories felt civil war slang was rapid. Artillery - large caliber firearms like cannons and mortars or supplies were stored Answers, and... Were trenches with earth mounded up at the time of the spleen, and ranged from 10-pounders to 300-pounders rock! Of horses same things or group of people some soldiers often found ways to do.! Be used to describe a quick, vigorous attack that surprises the enemy off degree... Slang to introduce students to the military mounted on horseback of Civil War the of. Ripping the nation apart Union camp, you might encounter gun positions, powder magazines fill. 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Held at Petersburg, Vicksburg, and nursed the sick and wounded never went to the outcome of several,... Bottle WASHER -- person able to do many things 2 state ’ s fighting equipments, up... In Georgia or Sheridan in the North or the water and exploded the. Constructed trenches August 14, 1994 ), swamps and marshes or the water ). - the horse probably originally described or suggested a fanciful military formation Juice is hunting for liquor, maybe wash! Was open to friendly lines worker 's annual salary, this provision angered less-wealthy citizens on sides!

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