Westernmost Confederate battle fatalities. Confederate forces lose control of railroads at Petersburg. The combined casualties of 23,000 killed and wounded made it known as America's bloodiest day. On the Confederate side, Robert E. Lee resolved to fight a defensive war designed to inflict mass casualties on the federal troops. May 31–June 1: The battle of Seven Pines was fought in Henrico County, Virginia. J.E.B. In 1993, the Civil War Sites Advisory Commission (CWSAC) reported to Congress and the ABPP on their extensive analysis of significant battles and battlefields. Union forces destroy beneficial infrastructue. Bragg defeats Rosecrans, George Thomas of US anointed "The Rock of Chickamauga". For many Americans this conflict evokes images of the storied battlefields of North and South and of dramatic changes in the lives of Americans of African and Anglo descent. His Second Inaugural Address, delivered in front of the Capitol, is considered one of his greatest speeches. Union forces capture Confederate earthworks. February 17: The city of Columbia, South Carolina fell to Sherman's army. Price's army crushed, flees back into Missouri. Mission objective fulfilled – Charleston & Savannah railroad bridge damaged. Union victory in small skirmish on the Iowa-Missouri border, One of several small cavalry skirmishes in. July 01, 2020 Ryan Morgan The deadliest battle of the Civil War, began on July 1, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pa. Confederate mistakes allow Federal forces to redeploy, leading to the Battle of Franklin. Action during Lee's retreat to Virginia after the Battle of Gettysburg. Union forces detonate their own fort after losing to Confederates. May 3: Abraham Lincoln's funeral train reached his hometown of Springfield, Illinois. Indecisive action at rearguard of Lee's retreat. The politics over slavery began to heat up in the early to … Other battles in the American Indian Wars, Eastern Theater of the American Civil War, Western Theater of the American Civil War, Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War, Pacific Coast Theater of the American Civil War, Lower Seaboard Theater of the American Civil War, Category:Battles of the American Civil War, Names of the American Civil War § Naming the battles and armies, List of costliest American Civil War land battles, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War, "Last stand: Battle for Broxton Bridge reenactment draws hundreds of students, spectators", "First Session of the Second Wheeling Convention", "West Virginians Approve the Willey Amendment", Spreadsheet of over 5,000 Civil War battles and incidents, List of Union Civil War monuments and memorials, List of memorials to the Grand Army of the Republic, List of Confederate monuments and memorials, Removal of Confederate monuments and memorials. ends Confederate smuggling up the Chincoteague Bay. Union campaign towards Little Rock, Arkansas halted. In response, Abraham Lincoln―the then President of the United States―called upon all the free states to send their voluntary forces to … In the first two years of the war, four major attempts had failed: the first foundered just miles away from Washington, D.C., at the First Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas) in July 1861; Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan's Peninsula Campaign took an amphibious approach, landing his Army of the Potomac on the Virginia Peninsula in the spring of 1862 … Confederate forces delay the Union advance on Little Rock. Union and Confederate forces attack one another in turn, both attacks fail. President Lincoln expressed interest early in the year in peace negotiations, but a meeting with Confederate representatives indicated that only a full military victory would bring an end to the fighting. Confederate victory. For more details, see our Privacy Policy. This battle took place on July 21, 1861, close to Manassas Junction, along the banks of the small Bull Run river in Virginia. The fighting was over for Union soldiers … The American Battlefield Trust is the umbrella organization for two divisions -- the Civil War Trust and the Revolutionary War Trust. Indecisive battle by day, Confederates withdraw by night. Sheridan defeats Early, several officers killed or wounded on both sides. Confederates are victorious, but unable to continue raid. August 29–30: The Battle of Second Bull Run was fought in the same place as the first battle of the Civil War the previous summer. Union victory prevents Confederates in Tennessee from coming to the aid of Vicksburg. Battles of the American Civil War were fought between April 12, 1861 and May 12–13, 1865 in 24 states (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia[A]), the District of Columbia, as well as the following territories: Arizona Territory[B], Colorado Territory, Dakota Territory, Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), New Mexico Territory, and Washington Territory, and naval engagements. The Battle of Antietam became legendary for its intense combat. On the Union side, 13,000 were killed or wounded, on the Confederate side, 10,000 killed or wounded. Indecisive cavalry battle during Civil War. Union repulsed, Union commander later court-martialed for disobeying orders. Dubbed the "Gettysburg of the West". Union attack on Confederate positions near a church repelled. The critical event of 1863 was the Battle of Gettysburg, when Robert … Forrest turns back Union pursuers after the Battle of Nashville. Blair reported back to Lincoln, and Lincoln was receptive to meeting Confederate representatives at a later date. Longstreet unable to take fort due to poor quality gunpowder. Earliest exchange of gunfire between the Union Navy and organized Rebel forces after the surrender of Fort Sumter. Early skirmish between Union gunboat USS Harriet Lane and a shore battery and rifle company of CSA defenders at Pig Point in Portsmouth, Virginia near Hampton Roads, Virginia. Confederates bombard Union forces during the night after a fire starts near union positions. Liszt Collection/Heritage Images/Getty Images, 1862: The War Expanded and Became Shockingly Violent. Stuart forced to change his route, delaying his efforts to unite with Lee's force outside Gettysburg. Confederates enter town, but are unable to take nearby fort. In 1828, Congress passed a tariff of … The Battle of Ball's Bluff. Banks Union Red River Campaign halted by the Confederates. He subsequently surrenders. Meade bombards Lee's Confederates but then withdraws. Price's Confederates pursued into Kansas. 300 Union troops withstand uncoordinated Confederate attacks. The year 1862 is when the Civil War became a very bloody conflict, as two particular battles, Shiloh in the spring and Antietam in the fall, shocked Americans by their enormous cost in lives. Fake Confederate reinforcements lead to Union retreat. Union cavalry from Kansas defeated by Missouri State Guard. Grant and Lee meet inconclusively, Grant writes to Halleck "I propose to fight it out on this line if it takes all summer". Failed Confederate attempt to capture Washington, D.C., President. Robert J. McNamara is a history expert and former magazine journalist. Union forces damage railroad, but are stopped by Confederate forces. Dennis K. Johnson/Lonely Planet Images/Getty Images Although the Confederate strike on Fort Sumter was the battle that began the Civil War, the first major land battle was the First Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas). Union forces defeat the 5th Texas Mounted Volunteers. The Battle of Shiloh was a battle in the Western Theater fought April 6–7, 1862, … Other non-Indian wars battles and skirmishes not rated by CWSAC. Stuart escapes by hiding in a ravine. Confederates attack Union rearguard, indecisive. the siege ends; Grant accepts surrender of second Confederate army under Pemberton. The third battle of Sherman's March to the Sea was a failed Union Army expedition under Maj. Gen. John P. Hatch that attempted to cut off the Charleston and Savannah Railroad in support of Sherman's projected arrival in Savannah. March 10: Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, who had distinguished himself leading Union troops at Shiloh, Vicksburg, and Chattanooga, was brought to Washington and given command of the entire Union Army by President Lincoln. The American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP) was established within the United States National Park Service to classify the preservation status of historic battlefield land. While the origins of the war are complex, principal among them were the issue of slavery, and the interpretations of the Constitution and the rules, rights, and qualifications that it embodied. Union forces surge across river, forcing Lee to retreat. Indecisive cavalry battle during Lee's invasion. Union forces defeat pro-Confederate governor's Missouri State Guard. The battle of Appomattox Court House pitted the armies ofthe Confederate General Robert E. Lee against the forces led by the Union General Ulysses S. Grant. The inconclusive conflict was the largest battle in the eastern front to date, involving 34,000 Union soldiers and 39,000 Confederates. It was collated and compiled from the Official Records of the War Department. Union's massive bombardment and naval attack fails to retake the fort. July 13–16: The violence of the war spread into cities of the North when citizens angered over a draft rioted. May 24: Col. Elmer Ellsworth, a friend of President Lincoln, was killed while removing a Confederate flag from the roof of Marshall House in Alexandria, West Virginia. Inconclusive Civil War battle in Virginia. The Battle of Gettysburg, a major battle of the American Civil War, was fought between the Union army (the North) and the Confederate army (the South). While the issue of slavery was, in fact, a primary concern for the South, the secessionist movement began decades before the Civil War. Whitman began volunteering in the hospitals in January 1863. It was one of the most major, and ultimately important, American CivilWar battles. It would pass over 150 communities in seven states, and 12 separate funerals would be held in major cities on its way to his burial plot in Springfield, IL. Union strategic victory. The fighting started at Fort Sumter in South Carolina on April 12, 1861. Failed Confederate attempt to protect Vicksburg from approaching Federals. Stonewall Jackson's Confederates defeat Union forces. Union forces capture two North Carolina forts. April 14: President Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C. Lincoln died early the next morning, with the tragic news traveling quickly by telegraph. Confederates were driven into Salyersville with heavy losses. Andersonville National Historic Site; Andersonville, Georgia. September 24: Balloonist Thaddeus Lowe ascended above Arlington Virginia and was able to see Confederate troops three miles away, proving the value of "aeronauts" in the war effort. Confederate victory in Florida prevents the capture of Tallahassee. Indecisive battle during Robert E. Lee's march north. Apache victory. Following the election of Abraham Lincoln in November 1860, southern states, outraged at the election of someone with known anti-slavery views, threatened to leave the Union. April 30–May 6, Battle of Chancellorsville, VirginiaMay 3, Fredericksburg, VirginiaJuly 1–3, Battle of Gettyburg, PennsylvaniaApril 10, Battle of Franklin, Tennessee.May 18–July 4, Siege of Vicksburg, MississippiSeptember 18, Battle Of Chickamauga, GeorgiaNovember 23-25, Battle Of Chattanooga, Tennessee November 24, Lookout Mountain (Chattanooga), TennesseeCivil War 1864 Over 600,000 soldiers died in the war. Lee beats back repeated frontal assaults by Burnside. Union forces repel Confederate attempt to capture island. Traditionally, this event has been used to mark the beginning of the Civil War. Union forces attack Confederate rearguard, but darkness cuts the attack short. May 5–6: The union is defeated at the Battle of the Wilderness, but Gen. Grant had his troops march, not retreating northward, but advancing to the south. The Battle of Shiloh. The battle began whenGeneral Lee ordered an attack on the Union's troops. December 13: Burnside led his men at the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia. Lee repulses Grant, Confederate general says "This is not war, this is murder". Confederates and Texas Rangers retreat. McClellan ends Lee's first invasion of North, bloodiest single day of the war. The Battle of Ball's Bluff was an early military blunder by Union forces early … second of two Union attempts to take Ft. Wagner fails, heroism of the. November 15–December 16: Sherman conducted his March to the Sea, destroying railroads and anything else of military value along the way. February 3: President Lincoln met with Confederate representatives aboard a boat in the Potomac River to discuss possible peace terms at the Hampton Roads Conference. (Seven Days) McClellan retreats from Lee's Confederates. In the largest battle fought between Confederate and Black troops, after nearly two days of close combat, the Confederates were defeated in their attempt to raise the siege of Vicksburg. Forrest routs Union force almost three times as large. Rosecrans is victorious over Price near Mississippi town. Stock Montage/Archive Photos/Getty Images, 1865: The War Concluded and Lincoln Was Assassinated, American Civil War: Major General John Buford, American Civil War: Major General Carl Schurz, American Civil War: Major General George H. Thomas, Battle of Bull Run: Summer of 1861 Disaster for the Union Army, Alexander Gardner, Civil War Photographer, American Civil War: Brigadier General John C. Caldwell, American Civil War: War in the East, 1863-1865. Union forces withstand attack until relieved. They were defeated by Parliament. July 5: Confederate General Jubal Early crossed the Potomac into Maryland, in an effort to threaten Baltimore and Washington, D.C., and distract Grant from his campaign in Virginia. Part of Vicksburg Campaign, fight for control of mouth of Arkansas River. Lee defeats Hooker's Army of Potomac, Jackson mortally wounded. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, placed in command of the Union armies, knew he had superior numbers and believed he could batter the Confederacy into submission. November 23–25: The Battles for Chattanooga, Tennessee were victories for the Union, and put federal troops in good position to begin attacking toward Atlanta, Georgia in early 1864. Decisive battle for possession of New Orleans. Confederate feint to distract Union forces. Elaborate amphibious Union flanking maneuver is thwarted by Confederates at Fort Pemberton during the Vicksburg campaign. Union broke the Confederate line and drove through the gap. Quantrill's Raiders massacre Union Black Troops during U.S. Civil War. April 12: The Civil War began on April 12, 1861 with the attack on Fort Sumter in the harbor at Charleston, South Carolina. Union forces thwart Lee's attempts to burn bridges and to resupply, Grant proposes that Lee surrender, but he refuses. Confederates drive Union Black Regiments off of several plantations. Union troops repulsed after minimally damaging the Charleston & Savannah railroad. Union forces out a small Confederate detachment in Western Virginia. But when the Union and Confederate Armies began shooting in the summer of 1861, that perception quickly changed. Confederate land forces, supported by naval ram, retake two Union forts near Plymouth, North Carolina. Confederate States of America. Longstreet defeats small Union force to arrive at Manassas battlefield. Rebels forced to withdraw after battle. Union victory, Confederate General Albert G. Jenkins killed. William B. Hazen captures Fort McAllister. September 19: Two days after the fighting at Antietam, photographer Alexander Gardner visited the battlefield and took photographs of soldiers killed during the battle. For lists of battles organized by campaign and theater, see: Some battles have more than one name; e.g., the battles known in the North as Battle of Antietam and Second Battle of Bull Run were referred to as the Battle of Sharpsburg and the Battle of Manassas, respectively, by the South. January 26: After Burnsides' failures, Lincoln replaced him in 1863 with Gen. Joseph "Fighting Joe" Hooker. Although the Royalists were outnumbered, they decided to fight. Union cavalry caught in ambush, defeated. April 30–May 6: At the Battle of Chancellorsville, Robert E. Lee outsmarted Hooker and dealt the federals another defeat. Confederate attacks repelled by Union artillery. Unsuccessful attack by Sherman on Johnston. Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the U.S. Confederate States presidential election of 1861, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_American_Civil_War_battles&oldid=997539383, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Battle of Gettysburg lasted until July 3 as the Union Army under Gen. George Meade faced off against the Confederate Army under General Robert E. Lee. Pro-Confederate Missouri State Guard defeat pro-Union Missouri Home Guard at Cole Camp, Confederates repulse the Union attack and kill Commander. Minor Confederate victory during U.S. Civil War. Most battles were in northern states until 1862 and in southern states after 1862. N.B. In Indian Territory, two largely Black and American Indian forces meet. Stuart's cavalrymen in their camps near Brandy Station. Union forces establish defensive positions prior to Chickamauga. Naval forces square-off at the mouth of the Mississippi River. Other battles and skirmishes, not rated by CWSAC, of the American Indian Wars between either USA or CSA forces and the Apache, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, Dakota, Kiowa, Navajo, and Shoshone which occurred during the American Civil War – including: the Apache Wars, Colorado War, Dakota War of 1862, Navajo Wars, and Texas–Indian wars. 27 October 1644: Second Battle of Newbury Depiction of Union retreat at the Battle of Bull Run. The Epic Battle of Gettysburg. The Civil War Fort Sumter: The Civil War Begins Nearly a century of discord between North and South finally exploded in April 1861 with the bombardment of Fort Sumter For the first time since the Civil War had began Rupert’s cavalry were beaten by a Parliamentarian cavalry charge. Battle of Vicksburg The fall of Vicksburg, Mississippi, to General Ulysses S. … November 5: Following Antietam, President Lincoln removed Gen. McClellan from command of the Army of the Potomac, replacing him four days later with Gen. Ambrose Burnside. Union forces capture town, Beauregard tricks Union in order to escape to. Cavalry engagement during the Gettysburg Campaign secured the important Hagerstown Road. The war began on April 12, 1861 when Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter, a fort in South Carolina held by Union soldiers. Union soldiers hold area, but do not launch any counter thrusts. It began as a skirmish but by its end involved 160,000 Americans. March 4: President Lincoln took the oath of office for the second time. Confederate artillery hit by naval bombardment, later withdrawn. Confederate attack fails due to poor terrain conditions. Failed Confederate attempt to destroy part of the Union force approaching Atlanta. One of Union General Scott's strategies for winning the Civil War was. The Civil War was the deadliest war in American history. Confederates withdraw after rearguard defeat. Minor cavalry engagement during the Gettysburg Campaign. The battles of the Civil War started with the Confederate forces attacking the Union military installment at Fort Sumter in South Carolina on April 12, 1861. April 26: John Wilkes Booth was located hiding in a barn in Virginia and was killed by federal troops. We manage two historic sites in Franklin, Tennessee, that witnessed the 1864 Battle of Franklin: Carter House and Carnton. Southernmost battle on land in Civil War. It was the last time Lee's troops launched an attack in the North. Hill unable to take North Carolina town from Union forces. Union victory during final phase of U.S. Civil War. You can opt-out at any time. It began and was concluded on April 9th, 1865 at Appomattox Courthouse inAppomattox County, Virginia. Tactical indecisive battle that ended Bragg's Kentucky campaign. Of the estimated 8,000 occasions in which hostilities occurred in the American Civil War, this table and related articles describe the 384 battles that were classified in CWSAC's Report on the Nation's Civil War Battlefields. The crossword clue 'Site of the battle which started the American Civil War' published 1 time⁄s and has 1 unique answer⁄s on our system. ... Why was the Battle of Gettysburg a turning point in the Civil War? Casualties at Gettysburg were high on both sides, and the Confederates were again forced to retreat back into Virginia, making Gettysburg a major victory for the Union. His death galvanized public opinion, and he was considered a martyr to the Union cause. The Battle of Franklin Trust is a 501(c)(3) organization. The Civil War. Confederate double-envelopment attempt fails. Union forces under General Pope capture a newly recruited Missouri State Guard regiment. Confederate victory, Union commander killed. Union forces drive Confederates back to Cold Harbor. The New York Draft Riots spanned a week in mid-July, with casualties in the hundreds. And near year's end Abraham Lincoln, in his legendary Gettysburg Address, would provide a concise moral reason for the war. Confederate tactical victory. June 30–July 3: Lee invaded the North again, leading to the epic Battle of Gettysburg. Summer: Union General William Tecumseh Sherman drove on Atlanta, Georgia, while Grant's army focused on attacking Petersburg, Virginia, and ultimately the Confederate capital, Richmond. 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